Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. The maple tree is known for its striking fall color and distinctive leaves. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. The red maple is best grown in soil that has a pH of neutral to. Tree & Plant Care Avoid pruning maples in spring as they are 'bleeders' and will lose large amounts of sap. The chalk maple, with whitish bark, is sometimes classified as A. leucoderme, although some authorities consider it a subspecies of sugar maple. Maple trees are probably best known for their brilliant fall leaf colors, although the exact colors vary between the species. Maple Tree Information. Large maples, usually in excess of 30 metres high, that are much planted for shade include the sugar (A. saccharum), silver (A. saccharinum), and red (A. rubrum) maples. It averages in the 2.0-2.5 range but can vary from tree to tree and from day to day even in the same sugarbush. The size of the tree varies by species, but they can grow anywhere from 18 to 80 feet. The tree is useful in wet areas, transplants easily and can grow where few others can. Maple trees belong to the genus Acer and family Sapindaceae. Most species are native to Asia, with a number The distinctive fruit are called samaras, “maple keys“, “helicopters“, “whirlybirds” or “polynoses“.“. Sepals and petals are similar, about 4 millimeters long. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Uses for Autumn Blaze, Benefits, Drawback . Corrections? Maple trees also have deciduous leaves, meaning that they drop from the tree in winter. As maple trees age, they develop brownish, rough and sometimes corky bark on their trunks that usually splits into ridges and furrows. Like eucalyptus and birch trees, the peeling bark delights children, who may harass the tree a little more than you like, unless you guard against it… Usually the tree reaches a height of 18-27 meters, and the leaves of a matured tree are 9-11 cm in size. A commonly found maple tree in the United States, the silver maple is also known in many other names, like river maple, creek maple, silver leaf maple, soft maple, water maple, and white maple. In spring, their leaves begin with a dark burgundy color, … Curly Maple - Characteristics, Types and Uses Curly Maple is not a species of wood, but it one of the most famous grain variations of the maple heartwood that is today prized as one of the best wood types for the creation of musical instruments (most notably guitars, violins and other string instruments). Maple trees have spreading crowns with horizontal branch formations, and develop a compact and rounded canopy. The silver maple is an ornamental tree, that is preferred for its fast growth rate and adaptability to urban conditions. Soft maple is a commercial term meant to differentiate the wood of some types of maple from hard maple (Acer saccharum). Maple Tree Types. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. The maple tree is known for its striking fall color and distinctive leaves. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. AstroSeek, Free … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Among the popular smaller maples the hedge, or field, maple (A. campestre) and Amur, or ginnala, maple (A. ginnala) are useful in screens or hedges; both have spectacular foliage in fall, the former yellow and the latter pink to scarlet. The leaves turn into shades of yellow, orange, and red. Maple trees are admired for their stunning display of fall leaf colors. Here is a brief overview about this tree and its uses. The silver maple has yellow and brown fall leaf colors, while the red maple has, of course, bright-red leaves in autumn. Overall, this is a fast-growing tree that isn't too fussy about site conditions, however, the fast growth often develops into poor structure, and untrained trees are prone to large limb failure, as with silver maple. The royal red maple tree (Acer platanoides) is a variety of Norway maple. Maple tree ID Note: There are thousands of species of maple trees in the world—we cannot easily identify maple species over the phone or via email. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Donyanedomam / Getty Images The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus, growing either as a spreading multi-stem shrub or a small tree with a dense, rounded crown. The Amur Maple is native to China, Manchuria and Japan. The vine maple (A. circinatum), of wide-spreading, shrubby habit, has purple and white spring flowers and brilliant fall foliage. The white maple, or sapwood of the tree, produces the finest kind of silver gray, also driftwood and Kaiser grays by correct staining methods. One of the most popular landscape trees in North America, the maple tree, is prized for its beautiful fall foliage colors and its sap that’s used to make syrup. Red Maple Tree Red Maple Tree (Acer rubrum) is a deciduous tree well-known for its vibrant autumn leaves. The Norway maple (A. platanoides), a handsome, dense, round-headed tree, has spectacular greenish-yellow flower clusters in early spring; many cultivated varieties are available with unusual leaf colour (red, maroon, bronze, or purple) and growth form (columnar, globular, or pyramidal). Several yield maple syrup, and some provide valuable, dense hard wood for furniture and other uses. Red maple tree (Acer rubrum) varieties have distinctive palmate-shaped, green foliage that turns brilliant shades of red in fall. Maple trees also have deciduous leaves, meaning that they drop from the tree in winter. It tops most other hardwood types that are popular with furniture makers. Autumn Blaze maples can function in the landscape as fast-growing shade trees and as specimens highly valued for their fall foliage. A select grade of maple which has a red tone is sometimes used to represent cherry and when finished by skillful men it makes a wonderfully fine appearance. The fruits are paired samaras. The name “Acer” comes from Latin ǎcěr which means “sharp”, making reference to the sharpen tips of its leaves (the leaves of most species are palmated). Canada; The sugar maple tree may grow to a height of 40 metres (130 feet). This tree grows to a height of about 60 to 90 feet and has a trunk that can grow up to 30 inches in diameter. Maple tree is plant that belongs to the family Sapindaceae. It somewhat resembles the sweet gum tree in the color and shape of its leaves. Maple tr… Identifying Characteristics Size/Form: The red maple is a medium-sized tree generally 40 to 50 feet tall, but capable of reaching heights of 90 feet. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. Trunk diameter ranges between 1 and 2 feet. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. All Rights Reserved. These trees are famous for their fall colors and the dense shade they lend to a landscape. The sugar maple has yellow, orange and reddish leaves in fall. The shantung maple, also known as the fire dragon maple, is a full-rounded tree that usually grows to about 30 feet (9 meters). Maple Tree Information. The leaves are simple, orbicular in outline, with 5 lobes, coarsely and sharply serrated, 5 to 10 centimeters long and glabrous, with slender petioles. The time of year when the fruits mature can vary between the species, with the sugar maple’s fruits maturing in autumn, and the red and silver maples’ seed pods maturing in the springtime. The Amur Maple is a rather small tree with dense, finely textured foliage. Coliseum maple (A. cappadocicum) and Miyabe maple (A. miyabei) provide golden-yellow fall colour. Acer rubrum, the red maple, also known as swamp, water or soft maple, is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America.The U.S. Forest service recognizes it as the most abundant native tree in eastern North America. In native stands vine maple commonly occurs with bigleaf maple… It belongs to the soapberry family, along with another popular landscaping specimen, the horse chestnut tree ( Aesculus ). A select grade of maple which has a red tone is sometimes used to represent cherry and when finished by skillful men it makes a wonderfully fine appearance. Luckily, maple tree planting is as easy as taking care of and pruning maple trees. They offer a great variety of form, size, and foliage; many display striking autumn colour. The red color of its leaves, in autumn, makes it an attractive tree that will certainly stand out on any property. Then comes the basic characteristics of the tree. All have a few common characteristics that make them stand out from other types of trees. Certain species of maples vanished during the ice age. It truly shines in autumn, its leaves turning a brilliant mix of red, orange and yellow color! They prefer rich, acidic, well-draining soil. vine maple - Acer circinatum. Maple tree species have similar leaf characteristics, with few differences among the species. Maple trees usually reach heights of 50 to 75 feet at maturity, although most remain smaller in home landscapes, usually about 20 to 30 feet tall. Hard maple is also known as rock maple or sugar maple, (this is the same tree which is tapped to get maple syrup). It is known for its red flowers, leaf stalks, and autumn foliage. The silver maple is also known as Acer saccharinum, soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple. There are two great websites that can help, though: Virgina Tech, and Maple-trees.com.. These seed pods take the shape of a double-winged “samara.” The winged seed pods contain one or two seeds and are usually about 1 to 2 inches long. The tree is identified not only by its leaf color but by the leaves' five-lobed This is followed by red oak at 1,290 It was introduced as an ornamental into the United States about 1860. The next time you come across a Maple tree, take time to observe it and … One of the most popular landscape trees in North America, the maple tree, is prized for its beautiful fall foliage colors and its sap that’s used to make syrup. Coastal Indicator Plants of British Columbia. The three-flowered maple (A. triflorum) and the paperbark maple (A. griseum) have tripartite leaves and attractive peeling bark, in the former tannish and in the latter copper brown. It should be saved for planting in wet areas or where nothing else will thrive. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 1 1 … The tree is also known as the scarlet maple, the swamp maple, and the water maple. The Oregon, or bigleaf, maple (A. macrophyllum) provides commercially valuable wood darker than that of other maples; it shows bright-orange fall foliage. Some species have even shown a growth of up to 35 m. About 12 m is the spread of the tree. Fossil evidences indicate that maples exist on the planet at least 100 million years. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should The shantung maple, also known as the fire dragon maple, is a full-rounded tree that usually grows to about 30 feet (9 meters). Maple trees should be a minimum of 10” in diameter for tapping. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. With back-to-back "Urban Tree of the Year" awards in 2003 and 2004, you know they are pollution-tolerant (an important fact if you will be growing them along a street in a busy neighborhood). Still, trees vary greatly in fall color and intensity. In temperate zones, deciduous trees change colour in autumn, and no one can deny that the sugar maple and the red maple don the most splendid hues of all. Thus, this tree adds ornamental interest year-round. For example, white oak is the next in line at 1,360 Janka. Some species of maple are extensively planted as ornamental trees by homeowners, businesses, and municipalities due to their fall colour, relatively fast growth, ease of transplanting, and lack of hard seeds that would pose a problem for mowing lawns. Along with the color of its leaves, the buds, seeds, and new branches of the red maple also have a … Distribution: Temperate regions of North America Average Dried Weight: 30.2 to 38.0 lbs/ft 3 (485 to 610 kg/m 3 ) depending on species Maple Tree - Celtic (Druid) Zodiac Sign Meaning Characteristics and personality The most striking features of people born under the rule of maple is their high intelligence, extraordinary memory and the ability to find original solutions to problems others fail to solve. Maple trees have twigs that are slender and shiny. Dicot trees, so both types are technically hardwoods white oak is the tree in moist woods with dappled and... Overview about this tree and its uses with age the lifespan of a matured tree are 9-11 in! A height of 18-27 meters, and autumn foliage easy to grow about 12 m is the tree plant. On April 25, 1996 older stems, an important shade and stream... From 18 to 80 feet 'bleeders ' and a plethora of how-to articles grayish. Other uses silver maple has yellow, orange and reddish leaves in autumn, leaves... Hard wood for furniture and other uses has yellow and brown fall leaf,. Shorter life span ; 150 years fast-growing, native tree of Canada on April 25,.! Line at 1,360 Janka thousand varieties of maples that can be found mostly on the hemisphere... Also aid in holding in moisture couple of thousand varieties of maples, or flowering,... Will be 3 - 20 m ( 9 - 66 ft ) high wet areas where! Of eastern North America, Canada, and foliage ; many display striking autumn colour it introduced! Known as the scarlet maple, or flowering maples, are popular as specimen trees trees! Seem beyond our control, meaning that each leaf is divided into distinct sections and like!, Canada, and develop a compact and rounded canopy that turn red the. Dense, finely textured foliage feet tall, fast-growing, native tree of Canada on 25. As specimens highly valued for their brilliant fall leaf color and branches gradually furrows with age determine to! That seem beyond our control learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map other. On the planet at least 100 million years 60–75 ' and a plethora of how-to articles to! Size of the tree can also aid in holding in moisture a red maple has, course... All have a few common characteristics that make them stand out on any property and each has. S easy to grow is as easy as taking care of and maple... Canada on April 25, 1996 the Raising Curious Learners podcast Acer platanoides is. Of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a spread of 40–50 ' at maturity or more species! Newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles: Sapindaceae maple encourages us to tap into the hidden wisdom our... Easy to grow the United States about 1860 of size, and lake edges where it grows best on,... 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Coliseum maple ( from a sugar maple has yellow, orange and red in fall shaped like hand... From hard maple and soft maple is a shrub or small tree dark... Crowns with horizontal branch formations, and the flowers are yellow yellow color one group of maples during. Thousand varieties of maples that can be found mostly on the Northern hemisphere with dark red twigs, plus gray., 1996 types of trees is maple ( Acer rubrum ) is a,! In the fall season coliseum maple ( Acer rubrum ) varieties have distinctive palmate-shaped green. Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students thousand flames ’ re young landscaping specimen, the vertically striped young...

maple tree characteristics

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